More countries in Southeast Asia are considering tobacco harm reduction (THR) as state policy, looking at regulating smoke-free alternatives to cigarettes to address the smoking epidemic following the Philippine Congress’ passage of the Vaporized Nicotine Bill.
Clarisse Virgino, the Philippine representative to the Coalition of Asia Pacific Tobacco Harm Reduction Advocates (CAPHRA), said more Southeast Asian countries are expected to follow the Philippines in “welcoming tobacco harm reduction as the most effective public health strategy to address the smoking problem.”
Thailand is now considering THR as a public health strategy, with a draft legislation to legalize e-cigarettes filed at a sub-committee of Thailand’s Parliament. Several top officials of Thailand, including Digital Economy and Society Minister Chaiwut Thanakamanusorn, expressed support for the legalization.
Asa Saligupta, director of ENDS Cigarette Smoke Thailand (ECST), said that with draft legislation now before a sub-committee, he is confident that the countries vaping bill will be passed by Thailand’s Parliament this year.
Thailand’s likely shift in smoke-free product regulation came after the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives’ approval of the Vape Bill which awaits President Rodrigo Duterte’s signing into a law.
Nicotine Consumers Union of the Philippines (NCUP) president Anton Israel said this means that more countries now realize that the best way to reduce the harm from smoking is to provide consumers with better alternatives such as electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products.
“Asian consumers deserve the same access to smoke-free cigarette alternatives as what consumers in the US and Europe get. We hope that more Southeast Asian nations will adopt the more pragmatic and scientific approach to reduce the harm from smoking,” said Israel.
Joey Dulay, president of Philippine E-cigarette Industry Association (PECIA), said the regulation of these innovative products will enable the vaping industry to meet government standards and thus avoid an underground market that does not contribute revenues to the government.
“We hope that Thailand and other nations in ASEAN will also pass their own versions of the Vape Bill which was overwhelmingly approved by lawmakers in the Philippines. This is to ensure that all nicotine delivery systems are properly regulated,” said Dulay.
Chaiwut earlier urged Thailand’s National Tobacco Products Control Committee to reconsider its March 28 decision to ban the sale and import of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) citing that his ministry found Thais wanted less harmful alternatives to e-cigarettes.
Chaiwut said his ministry supports the use of new technology and that a ban on imports and sales of e-cigarettes would only push these new products towards the black market. On the other hand, allowing e-cigarettes to be sold legally would generate more taxes for the Thai government and set industry standards, he said.
Any control on e-cigarettes should be based on scientific evidence and actual facts about their impact on smokers’ health, he said, while describing vaping as a “safer option” for people who are unable to quit smoking.
The National Tobacco Control Board made a “wrongful resolution” as it failed to take into account opinions of the stakeholders and academic data. “A complete ban on e-cigarettes is not the best solution for the country in the present social context,” he said.
Scientific research in 70 developed countries including the United States, the United Kingdom and other European countries showed that e-cigarettes are a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes and, in each case, their sale is even supported by the government, he said.
Chaiwut said people should get unbiased information about e-cigarettes that they can use in making decisions about consuming tobacco. “More importantly, young people should be educated that these products are not for them,” he said.
He said there should be strict laws governing the minimum age for the sale of e-cigarettes and quality controls of the products to make sure that they meet international standards.
“Smoking continues to kill about 50,000 Thai people each and every year. Too many smokers have been stuck with cigarettes or are forced onto the black market for vapes where there’s no control over the purchase age or product safety standards. An effective Public Health Minister would not accept this dire situation, let alone support it,” Asa said.